101 hummingbird flowers to attract pollinating birds to your garden

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Hummingbird flowers are any type of beautiful blooms that attract hummingbirds to your garden! Here are the top five hummingbird flowers for North American gardens:

  • Trumpet Vine
  • Columbine
  • Honeysuckle
  • Cardinal Flower
  • Bee Balm

While these five flowers are hummingbird hits, there are plenty of other types of flowers they can draw nectar from and pollinate. Read on to see the full list of flowers for hummingbirds!

Tropical hibiscus - pink with yellow pollen

List of hummingbird flowers

Here are some of the lovely flowers that hummingbirds feed on to get the delicious floral nectar they depend on. This list includes flowering plants, shrubs, and trees, as well as garden perennial plants and flowering annuals.

  1. Aloe (Aloe Vera, Gold Tooth Aloe)
  2. Arbutus Trees (Strawberry Trees, Madrone Trees)
  3. American Tiger Lily (Turk’s Cap Lily, Lily Royal, Swamp Lily)
  4. Apple Tree
  5. Asiatic Lily (Red Velvet, Red Tiger Lily)
  6. Azalea
  7. Bee Balm (Scarlet Bee Balm, Oswego Tea, Wild Bergamot) *TOP HUMMINGBIRD FLOWER*
  8. Begonia
  9. Betony (Hedgenettle, Bishop’s Wort)
  10. Blazing Star
  11. Blackberry
  12. Bleeding Heart
  13. Blueberry
  14. Bottlebrush (Callistemon)
  15. Bouvardia
  16. Butterfly Bush
  17. Cactus (Scarlet Hedgehog, Desert Rose)
  18. Calamints
  19. Campion (Red Campion, Red Catchfly, Royal Catchfly)
  20. Canna Lily
  21. Cardinal Climber
  22. Catmint (Catnip)
  23. Centropogon (genus)
  24. Century Plant (American Agave, Sentry Plant)
  25. Cherry Tree
  26. Chokecherry Bush
  27. Chuparosa (Hummingbird Bush, Beloperone)
  28. Clematis
  29. Clover (Red Clover)
  30. Columbine (Red Columbine, Scarlet Columbine) *TOP HUMMINGBIRD FLOWER*
  31. Coral Bells (Heuchera)
  32. Coral Honeysuckle (Trumpet Honeysuckle, Scarlet Honeysuckle)
  33. Coralberry
  34. Crabapple
  35. Crossvine
  36. Cuphea (Cigar Plant)
  37. Cypress Vine
  38. Daylily
  39. Delphinium (Larkspur)
  40. Desert Lavender
  41. Desert Willow
  42. Dianthus (Clove Pink, Carnation)
  43. Dogwood
  44. Eucalyptus (Gum Tree)
  45. Fire Bush (Scarlet Bush, Hummingbird Bush)
  46. Fire Pink
  47. Fireweed
  48. Foxglove
  49. Fuchsia
  50. Geiger Tree
  51. Geranium
  52. Gladiolus
  53. Gooseberry
  54. Hawthorn (Quickthorn, Thornapple, May Tree)
  55. Heliconia (Lobster-Claws)
  56. Hibiscus (Rose Mallow, Tropical Hibiscus)
  57. Hollyhock
  58. Honeysuckle (prefer natives such as Twinberry Honeysuckle, Orange Honeysuckle) *TOP HUMMINGBIRD FLOWER*
  59. Huckleberry
  60. Hummingbird Trumpet (California Fuchsia, Firechalice)
  61. Hyssop
  62. Impatiens (Jewelweed, Touch-Me-Not)
  63. Indian Paintbrush (Prarie Fire, Scarlet Paintbrush)
  64. Iris
  65. Jacobina (Justicia, Brazilian Plume, Flamingo Flower)
  66. Japanese Quince (Maule’s Quince)
  67. Lantana
  68. Lilac
  69. Lion’s Ear (Lion’s Tail, Wild Dagga)
  70. Lobelia
  71. Lupine
  72. Manzanita
  73. Mexican Sunflower (Tree Marigold)
  74. Mimosa (Sleepy Plant, Shy Plant)
  75. Mountain Pennyroyal
  76. Nasturtium
  77. Ocotillo
  78. Pear Tree
  79. Penstemon (Scarlet Penstemon, Beardtongue)
  80. Petunia (Red, Scarlet)
  81. Phlox (Red and Pink Types)
  82. Pink Jasmine
  83. Red Buckeye (Firecracker Plant)
  84. Red Cardinal Flower (Native Lobelia) *TOP HUMMINGBIRD FLOWER*
  85. Red-Hot Poker (Torch Lily)
  86. Red-Flowering Currant
  87. Redbud Tree
  88. Rhododendron
  89. Rose of Sharon (Shrub Hibiscus, Hardy Hibiscus)
  90. Salmonberry
  91. Salvia (Red Salvia, Scarlet Sage, Scarlet Salvia, Pineapple Sage, Pitcher Sage)
  92. Scarlet Gilia (Scarlet Trumpet, Skyrocket)
  93. Scarlet Morning Glory (Scarlet Creeper)
  94. Scarlet Runner Bean
  95. Serviceberry (Juneberry, Saskatoon Berry)
  96. Shrimp Plant
  97. Snapdragon
  98. Spider Flower (Cleome)
  99. Thistle (native, such as Western Thistle)
  100. Tobacco Tree (Wild Tobacco)
  101. Trumpet Creeper (Trumpet Vine) *TOP HUMMINGBIRD FLOWER*
  102. Verbena (Vervain)
  103. Violet (Viola, Wild Pansy)
  104. Weigelia
  105. Yucca (Desert Candle)
  106. Zinnia (Benary’s Giant Deep Red)

Ok – So I couldn’t keep the list down to 101 flowers for hummingbirds! It’s too hard to choose…

“An item to remember when selecting flowers for hummers is that most cultivated hybrids, which include many garden flowers, usually produce significantly less nectar than non-hybrids. Also, an assortment of flowers with staggered blossoming will give the birds a longer time to feed “in the wild.”

Hummingbirds of North America: Attracting, Feeding, and Photographing, by Dan True
Red bee balm for hummingbirds - jacob cline
Bee balm (monarda) “jacob cline” is a hummingbird favorite due to its bright red tubular flowers that seem to bloom all summer long!
Hummingbird flower vermillionaire by proven winners
Hummingbirds love cupheas! This is the popular hybrid cuphea ‘vermillionaire®’, by proven winners.
Pink and orange honeysuckle blossom

The best flowers for a hummingbird garden

So which of these hummingbird flowers are the best ones to plant in your hummingbird garden? While all the flowers listed above can attract hummingbirds, there are a few that hummers tend to find irresistible. They are all red-colored tubular flowers that are native to North America.

As mentioned in the first section, here are the top 5 hummingbird flowers:

  • Trumpet Vine
  • Columbine
  • Honeysuckle
  • Cardinal Flower
  • Bee Balm

You can also buy blends of seeds that have been put together specifically for hummingbird gardens. These seed blends will also attract butterflies and bees, further increasing the longevity and healthiness of the garden.

“Certain plant families are particularly important for hummingbirds, some of the most notable being the Heliconiaceae, Bromeliaceae, Ericaceae, Rubiaceae, Acanthaceae, and Gesneriaceae. These flowers are ornithophilous, or bird-loving, and exhibit clear adaptations for pollination by hummingbirds. Most of them are either red, or have red bracts or leaves that advertise their presence, red being a color that is conspicuous to hummingbirds but not to most insect competitors.”

Hummingbirds: A Life-Size Guide to Every Species, by Michael Fogden, Marianne Taylor, and Sheri L. Williamson
My canna lilies are attracting hummingbirds this year

Common traits of hummingbird flowers in general

So what makes a good flower for a hummingbird? Visiting hummingbirds like flowers with a certain amount of sugar, in safe areas, and that isn’t overrun by too many competing pollinators such as bees and butterflies.

Common traits of hummingbird flowers include:

  • Red, bright pink, or dark orange
  • Tube-shaped (tubular corolla)
  • Low in fragrance and sugar
  • High volume of nectar
  • Bloom in the daytime
  • Have a long bloom duration

The best nectar-rich flowers for your garden are long tubular flowers. Shorter tubular flowers contain less nectar but often grow in groups, making the nectar collection worth the extra visits. A trumpet vine or honeysuckle with lots of long flowers close together is a hummingbird’s dream!

“Hummingbird enthusiasts and experts agree that the color red is like a magnet to hummers, followed by bright pink and orange. Some research has shown that yellow is the next color of choice. However, we have found that quite a few purple, lavender, and blue nectar-producing plants are irresistible to these tiny birds-particularly some of the salvias.”

Enjoying Hummingbirds In the Wild & In Your Yard, by Larry & Terrie Gates

So, what flowers are you hoping to grow in your garden to feed our pollinating hummingbirds? Do you supplement your flower garden’s natural nectar supply with hummingbird sugar-water feed and hummingbird feeders? So much to think about. ..Time to get gardening!

Further Reading: Feeding and Attracting Hummingbirds to Your Yard and 10 Hummingbird Garden Ideas

Deep red rose mallow - herbaceous hibiscus - hardy hibiscus
Deep red rose mallow – herbaceous hibiscus – hardy hibiscus
Red, pink, and orange zinnia
Red, pink, and orange zinnia
Red nasturtium flower - tubular edible flower - good for pollinating hummingbirds
Deep red nasturtium flower
Close up of hawthorn blossoms
Pink and purple hanging fuschia
Hanging fuchsia
Rose of sharon - pink garden flowering shrub
Rose of sharon – pink flowering shrub
Pink foxglove
Wild pink foxglove
Pink wildflower in mountain woodland
Tropical hibiscus shrub with orange-red flowers
Tropical hibiscus shrub with orange-red hummingbird flowers
Wildflower in albertan woodland - migratory hummingbird - bird count 2013
Wild american lily
Mary Jane Duford
Mary Jane Duford

Mary Jane Duford is a gardening expert and founder of Home for the Harvest. She's also a professional engineer, certified permaculture garden designer, and master gardener in training. Mary Jane has been featured by publications such as Real Simple, Mother Earth News, Homes & Gardens, Heirloom Gardener, and Family Handyman.

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