Lilies are among the most dramatically beautiful perennial flowers in the garden. Fortunately for us beginner gardeners, they’re also very easy to plant and to care for! Here’s all the details about planting lily bulbs in your flower garden.
1. Choose Your Lily Bulbs
Lily bulbs, or “corms”, come in many different varieties. The plants come in different heights, with different types of foliage, and different colors of flowers. They come in soft pink, white, bright yellow, orange, red, and even hot pink. There’s a world of lilies to choose from!
Some of the most common lilies are the hybrid garden lilies, including the ever-popular Asiatic Lilies. These low-maintenance, disease resistant flowers come back every year. Here are some popular hybrid lilies to grow in your garden:
- Casa Blanca
- Mona Lisa
- Forever Susan
2. Prepare The Bulbs For Planting
Soak the bulbs for an hour or two before planting if they are at all dry or soft. While this step is optional, it can help your lily bulbs root into the ground. Lily bulbs are corms, and don’t have a true bulb protective coating. This allows them to dry out more easily than other bulbs like tulips and daffodils.
3. Choose A Planting Location For The Lilies
Lilies flower best when grown in full sun, but they’re also tolerant of partial sun/partial shade (particularly in hot climates). They like well-drained loamy-sand soil that drains well. Avoid planting them in heavy clay where water pools easily. Planting lilies among other perennials lets the roots and bulb stay cool while the leaves can bask in the energizing sunshine. Lilies and other tall perennial flowers also grow best in an area sheltered from high winds.
4. Planting Lily Bulbs In The Garden
Here are the basic steps for planting lily bulbs:
- Dig a hole that is 3 times as deep as the lily bulb is tall.
- Place the lily bulb in the hole with the pointy side up. The top should be about 4″-5″ below the surface of the soil around the hole.
- Gently backfill with the soil that came out of the hole. Try not to leave to many air pockets (but be gentle!).
- Water the planted lily bulb
- Other lily bulbs can be planted in the area, as close as 8″-12″ apart or as far apart as required to fill the space. Lilies do grow quite quickly and may eventually bump into on another when planted closely.
- Apply mulch around the plant to keep the roots cool and moist.
Here is a video showing these steps for how to plant lily bulbs in the garden:
5. Care After Planting
Once the area has been watered and mulched with a quality organic mulch like homemade compost, the lilies are pretty much set to grow! Keep them well-watered for the first year or two to help them get established. Watering can be decreased dramatically once the roots of the plants have grown deep.
Lilies can be fed with organic flower food or bulb fertilizer as they start to sprout out of the ground. Here are some options for organic lily fertilizer: