Fall is a fantastic time to plant many types of flowers, cool-weather vegetables, and ornamental landscape plants. Let’s look at some of the best plants to add to your yard this autumn.
Flowers To Plant In The Fall
There are many flowers which can be planted in the fall. Most perennials grow very well when planted in the early fall. There are also several fall-favorite annual flowers that can be added to the garden just in time for autumn.
Many flower bulbs perform best when planted in autumn. These bulbs are planted around October in many climates, and often flower in early spring. Fall-planted bulbs include crocus, daffodils, allium, tulips, bluebells, hyacinth, and muscari.
Chrysanthemums, or “mums”, are beautiful, classic autumn flowers that are wonderful to plant in the Fall. If you plant them early on in the autumn months, they are more likely to survive the winter in mild zones. Chrysanthemums come in pink, red, orange, yellow, and white, so they are a great flower to use to brighten up and add some extra color to your garden.
Pansy flowers are a great flower to plant in early Fall as well. They can be found in almost every color, so they will definitely add some needed color to your garden. Pansies are easily found at your local garden center, so you won’t have to wait very long for them to bloom if you purchase pansies that have already been planted and have roots.
Celosia is a very durable plant and is very easy to care for, so it is a great flower to plant early in the Fall season. They can be found in yellow, orange, red, and burgundy-purple, so they will add some needed color to your garden once summer starts to wind down.
Asters are great flowers to plant in the early Fall if you want to ensure that bees and butterflies have enough pollen as winter approaches. Bees and butterflies love aster flowers, and they have a harder time finding pollen during the Fall and Winter months. These blooms can be found in purple, pink, white, and blue varieties, so they will add a lot of color to your Fall garden (source).
Dianthus is a great flower to plant early on in the Fall because they often bloom in mild temperatures. They can be found in white, pink, purple, red, and yellow shades. These beautiful flowers smell wonderful and any Fall rain showers will strengthen the smell.
Sweet Alyssum is a wonderful flower to plant in the Fall because it blooms during the Fall and mild winter months. They also do well with the lighting conditions of Fall and will grow well in partial shade. They have a wonderful fragrance and will add some needed color to your Fall garden.
Violas are also great flowers to plant in this time frame. The blooms are very dainty, but they will stand up to rain and light snowfalls. They can be found in almost every color, so you can find any color you’d like to match your style.
Black-eyes Susans are great flowers to plant in the early Fall, especially if you really like sunflowers. Black-eyed Susans have larger yellow petals than sunflowers but look more similar to daisies. Black-eyes Susans are great if you like bees and butterflies because they are popular among pollinators (source).
Vegetables To Plant In The Fall
Many cool-weather vegetables can be planted in the early fall for a late fall harvest, or to overwinter for an early spring treat. Some particularly hardy veggies can be grown as winter crops, although they may need a wintertime cover like a cold frame. Make sure to plant them before it is cold enough for the soil to freeze.
Carrots are a great vegetable to plant in the Fall. Although you will not likely be able to see results until the spring, carrots can be planted in cool soil, so it is a great vegetable to plant early in the Fall.
Lettuce is a great vegetable to plant in the Fall because it can survive harsh winter temperatures. As long as the soil is soft and able to be planted in, you can plant lettuce. Lettuce will allow you to eat something healthy without having to go to the store, which is great for when you want to stay inside during the colder months of the year.
Spinach is a great vegetable to plant in the Fall. Like lettuce, it can withstand harsh winter temperatures, which makes it a great vegetable to plant in the Fall if you still want to have a vegetable garden during the colder months. It is also very healthy to eat.
Like spinach and lettuce, kale is a great vegetable to plant during the early Fall season and is very good for you. Kale is a strong enough vegetable to withstand cold winter temperatures, which means that your pursuits for a vegetable garden will not be in vain during the Fall and Winter. Leafy vegetables generally do well in these cooler temperatures.
Radish is a great vegetable to plant in the early Fall because you are likely to see the fruits (or vegetables) of your labor before the colder weather begins and makes it hard for them to grow. Radishes only take about 30 days to grow from a seed to a full radish, so it won’t be long before you are able to eat and enjoy your radishes.
Turnips are a great (and very popular) vegetable to plant in the Fall. If you plant them during the late Summer or early Fall, then they will be ready to eat before the Winter sets in and the soil freezes. Turnips only take 40-55 days to fully grow.
Broccoli is a great vegetable to plant during the early Fall season. Broccoli requires cool temperatures to grow which is one of the reasons why it is such a great vegetable to plant in the Fall season. it takes about 50-55 days for broccoli to be ready to eat after planting, so it is best to plant it early on in the Fall season if you want to be able to eat it before Winter starts. source
Beets are a great vegetable to plant in the Fall because they tolerate cold temperatures very well, which is great if you live in an area that has colder Fall temperatures. They also need to grow in constantly moist soil, which means that they will grow well during the Fall months if you live in an area that is rainy and has milder temperatures. source
Onions are great vegetables to plant early on in the Fall season because they take a long time to grow. If you plant onions in the Fall, you will see the results in the early spring months, after the winter snow has melted and the soil has softened. However, you must plant the onions early on in the Fall season because the roots need time to grow and strengthen before the soil freezes in the winter temperatures. If you plant your onions early on in the Fall, then you will have onions ready to eat in the spring.
More Ideas For What To Plant In The Fall
There are a few other plants that do well when planted in the autumn months. Here are some long-lasting ornamentals to plant this fall.
Early autumn is the best time to seed new lawn grass or to install new turf sod. The heat of summer is over, but the grass plants still have 6-8 weeks to develop roots before the ground freezes for winter. Here are some of the best types of grass seed to plant.
Trees & Shrubs
Fall is the perfect time to plant woody plants like trees and shrubs. This includes evergreen trees, fruit trees, hedges, flowering shrubs, and other long-lived plants. Give them lots of water to help them settle in and start to expand their roots outside of the planting hole before winter arrives.